Salmonella is a bacteria that causes one of the more common enteric (intestinal) infections in the United States – Salmonellosis. In some states (e.g. Georgia, Maryland), salmonellosis is the most commonly reported cause of enteric disease, and overall it’s the second most common bacterial foodborne illness reported (usually slightly less frequent than Campylobacter infection).
Salmonella bacteria cause most of the food poisoning in the world, including an estimated four million cases of salmonellosis in the United States each year. In Illinois about 1, 500 to 2, 500 cases of this foodborne illness are reported each year.
Talking About Salmonella..
Salmonella is a general name for a group of approximately 2, 000 closely related bacteria that cause illness by reproducing in the digestive tract. Each salmonella subgroup, or serotype, shares common antigens and has its own name.
Salmonella is among the most common causes of food poisoning. The CDC estimates 40, 000 people a year are infected with salmonella, with 600 deaths annually. In recent years, the number affected with salmonella has been decreasing.
Salmonella is a genus of bacteria that are an important cause of foodborne illness throughout the world. The bacteria are generally transmitted to mankind through consumption of contaminated food of animal origin, poultry, egg, milk, and mainly meat.
Symptoms of most salmonella infections usually appear within 3 days of contamination and typically go away without any medical treatment.
Typhoid fever is a systemic disease caused by Salmonella typhi. Symptoms are high fever, abdominal pain, prostration, and a rose-colored rash. Diagnosis is clinical and confirmed by culture. Treatment is with ceftriaxone or ciprofloxacin.
Diarrhea is an increase in the incidence of bowel movements or a reduction in the form of stool (greater looseness of stool). Although changes in frequency of bowel movements and looseness of stools can vary independently of each other, changes usually occur in both.
Nausea, emesis, and other gastroenteritis symptoms are associated with abdominal cramps and passing of loose stools. Diarrhea symptoms may vary from watery feces to bloody stools.
Symptoms of Salmonella gastroenteritis include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever, nausea, and/or vomiting. In mild cases diarrhea may be non-bloody, occur several times a day, and not be very voluminous; in severe cases it may be frequent, bloody and/or mucoid, and of high volume.
Vomiting is common. Almost all children will vomit several times during their childhood. In most cases, it is attributed to a Salmonella infection.
Bacteremia. This condition results when salmonella bacteria enter and circulate throughout your bloodstream. Infants and people with compromised immune systems are at special risk of contracting serious complications, including infection of tissues surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) and infection within the bloodstream (sepsis). People with salmonella-induced bacteremia may show few symptoms; however, fever can be present.
When people are suffering from diseases like diarrhea, abdominal cramps and fever after eight to seventy two hours of food then it will most likely they may be suffering from Salmonella bacteria infection. Some additional symptoms of infections that people experience are chills headache, nausea or vomiting. Some people may recover within 4 to seven days without any medical help but these infections can be life threatening for young people. People who’re suffering from immune system diseases such as AIDS or cancer, diabetes, kidney diseases and transplant patients are more likely to get serious treats from Salmonella bacteria infection.
Most commonly, Salmonella causes gastroenteritis with cramping, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal tenderness. The diarrhea is usually watery, but may contain blood or mucus.
Salmonella enterocolitis is one of the more common types of food poisoning. It occurs when you swallow food or water that is contaminated with the salmonella bacteria. Any food can become contaminated during preparation if conditions and equipment for food preparation are unsanitary.
The medical term for Salmonella food poisoning, is Salmonellosis or Salmonella enterocolitis. It is the requirement that arises when the lining of small intestine gets infected by any salmonella bacteria. It is one of the more common types of food poisoning. A person can contract the infection upon consuming food or water that is contaminated with this bacteria. Food usually becomes contaminated, by reason of the use of unhygienic preparation conditions or equipment. They are normally transmitted to humans by eating foods contaminated with feces. This may happen through the hands of an infected food handler or in foods of animal origin.
The salmonella bacteria attacks the stomach and intestines. In more serious cases, the bacteria may enter the lymph tracts. These carry water and protein to the blood, and the blood itself. The bacteria attack all age groups and both sexes. Children, the elderly and people who’re already ill are far more likely to get a serious infection.